In the most severe cases, cyberbullying leads the victim to commit suicide.
Some forms of cyberbullying were indicated by the victims to have greater effect than physical bullying. The specific forms associated with greater harm include pictures and video clip bullying (Smith et al., p. 378). This is probably because the victim is more readily identifiable by third parties. This is because of factors such as not having friends around for support, the clear presence of a greater audience online and a greater durability of the act (Smith et al., 2008, p. 379). Other factors that intensify the adverse effects of cyberbullying include the anonymity of the culprit. Moreover, cyberbullying lacks physical and social cues and this therefore results in a lack of personal confrontation with the reactions of their victims therefore the consequence of harassment. The consequence of this absence is that it “fosters antinormative, uninhibited, aggressive, and impulsive behavior” (DeHue, Bolman, & Völlink, 2008, p. 217). Plainly, cyberbullying is a serious negative influence that requires to be dealt with.
Apart from cyberbullying, another negative influence of social media is distorted perceptions and outlooks of the world by teenagers. According to Raising Children Network, when teenagers interact with particular images which can be set as standards of particular desirable traits, they may modify their behaviors with the intention of achieving these traits. Modification of behaviors occurs in relation to the attainment of various traits or characteristics. One of the most easily detectable forms of behavior modification is the rapid manner in which people change their wardrobes. Whenever there is a new fashion fad, teenagers will tend to gravitate towards similar. They will therefore request their parents to get them the exact same so that they can keep up with the latest fads.
More severe cases occur at a more intimate and physical level. This is the case with the predominant image of beauty and sexuality whereby teenage girls aspire to achieve thin bodies with hour glass figures. When they interact through social media and come across articles, blogs or other content that promotes thin, hour-glass figures once the in-thing, teenagers may perceive this once the definition of beauty. They will therefore aspire to achieve such bodies. In this bid, they will diet or even seek to undergo plastic surgery. The Raising Children Network indicates that some teenage girls want breast implants and laser hair removal while their male counterparts want muscle enhancers.how to restate thesis in conclusion paragraph
Apart from beauty and self-image, distorted messages may also pertain to behavior. Social media is likely to influence teenagers to behave more aggressively or violently (Raising Children Network). This is because with social media content such as videos or gaming web sites, the actual outcome of violent demeanor is rarely shown. Thus, teenagers don’t get a realistic understanding of the outcome of violent conduct.
With regards to negative behavioral and psychological impacts, Facebook has often been the mark of research, probably due to its prominence therefore the prevalence of its use. The definition of “Facebook depression” was defined to reference events where individuals develop depression as a consequence of overindulgence in social web sites such as Facebook (O’Keeffe and Clarke-Pearson, p. 802). Social media use is quite intensive. In the adolescent stage of life, contact with and acceptance by peers is important. As a result, where adolescents fail to find the same during their online connection, it results in depression.
The use of Facebook has been linked to relationship problems by exacerbating feelings of jealousy (Konnikova). She also points out that feelings of envy increase with Facebook use as users understand achievements of their peers. Facebook has further been associated with feelings of anxiety and stress. 30% of respondents in a report indicated feeling guilty about rejecting friend requests while a majority of respondents indicated pressure to come up with an inventive status improvement (Williams). Moreover, teenagers have also indicated their discomfort over online etiquette rules. The overall effect is that teenagers experience emotional pressure. Such pressure arises from the need to conform to the requirements of online socialization. Clearly, Facebook use results in a number of negative emotional outcomes.
Facebook depression has detrimental compounded effects akin to those of offline depression such as engagement in substance abuse and risky sexual behavior. This really is further exacerbated by the clear presence of risky web sites and blogs which might promote such risky behaviors (O’Keeffe and Clarke-Pearson p. 802). The easy access to information that is characteristic of the internet then becomes a serious problem since teenagers can learn how to use particular substances. Moreover, they may also understand risky and aggressive/self-destructive behaviors.
Due to the dangerous nature of the negative influences of social media use, it is important to come up with appropriate actions to overcome them. One of the most relevant solutions to overcome side effects is for parents to check their children’s social media use. Parental involvement is very important if negative influences are to be mitigated. According to O’Keeffe and Clarke-Pearson, parents should increase their awareness on current technologies (p. 804). Staying up to speed with the latest advances in technology would allow parents to understand how best they can intervene in their children’s use of social networking web sites. Families should also be more proactive about their teenagers’ use of social media by checking privacy settings and online profiles.
Parents can use technical tools in order to achieve the end of monitoring their children’s use of online media. By regularly checking for such profiles, parents are able to understand what their teenagers are up to and in case of any wayward behavior, they can intervene earlier. In fact, according to a research by Lenhart et al., many parents indicated checking the sites visited by their children as well as the information available online (p. 69). Moreover, there are those individuals who have gone further (about 41%) to befriend their teenage youngster on the social network site. Pediatricians favor such active involvement over other methods of control including the use of software programs (O’Keeffe and Clarke-Pearson p. 802). Such involvement allows parents to understand what their children are up to and how they are using the internet and social network sites. In addition enables them to keep in touch with their children and moreover, they are readily accessible to their children in case a dependence on communication arises.
The second way of controlling the negative influences involves the use of appropriate controls. Such controls may be applied at various levels. For example, such controls might be applied at the home level, the school level or at the state level. At the home level, parents should frequently monitor their children’s use of online sites. Many parents employ the use of software or hardware tools that allow them to control access to web sites (Lenhart, Madden and Smith p. 73).type my paper online free Such control might be in the form of monitoring use or blocking access to certain content. Parental controls can be applied either on computers or on cellphones. The use of parental controls or other filters is more prevalently applied to computers than to cellphones. In this way, parents are able to shield their children from the negative media and content. Consequently, this helps to keep negative influences of social media at bay.
Besides parental control, teenagers’ involvement in social network sites can also be regulated by the state through laws. This method has in fact been used whereby general audience sites are required to comply with the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). This act ensures that individuals participating on online sites are at least thirteen years old (Lenhart, Madden and Smith p. 55). Thus, such web sites require users to produce personal information to verify this age requirement. For other web sites containing adult-oriented and explicit content, the requirement is that users be at least 18 years of age.
The third strategy is for parents to advise their children on how best to use social media. Such education is critical in lieu of the fact that with the pervasive nature of current and growing technologies, it really is increasingly difficult to avoid the use of the same altogether. O’Keeffe and Clarke-Pearson, argue that it is important for parents to speak to their children and advice them on online use (p. 803). The view for parents to have actively involved can be supported by Wallace, who indicates that parents should be more proactive and speak to their children about social media, in a similar fashion as they would speak about sex.
The dependence on education on the use of social media was also supported in the interviews. Lots of the teenagers felt that they required more details on the appropriate use of social media. They argued that if they were educated on how to use social media, then they would benefit more and reduce negative outcomes. They drew comparisons with education provided on such issues as life skills, health education and sex education. As for the parents, there were varied responses. Some parents felt that time spent on social media and social networks should be reduced. They also felt that social networking web sites should be more selective and restrictive. Further, they argued that governmental agencies should also intervene. Finally, parents also agreed that some level of education was necessary to train teenage users on the best way to benefit from social media.
Offering advice can be useful in dealing with negative cognitive and psychological effects. Many teenagers indicating that advice they received on how to deal with the online cruelty they experienced was helpful (Lenhart, Madden and Smith p. 53). Thus parents should engage their children in order to help them overcome negative influences.
Social media use is one of the most commonplace features of today’s communication systems. Today, many teenagers are actively engaging in social media use and social networking. This engagement has many associated consequences, both positive and negative. Some of the negative outcomes include cyberbullying and access to inappropriate content as well as emotional problems such as anxiety and depression. The research reveals that the negative outcomes may be overcome by creating awareness about appropriate social media use.Parents should take a more proactive curiosity about their children’s use of social media.
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Psychological addiction to the online world is compared to drugs. It really is defined as an obsessive need to connect the Internet and painful inability to promptly disconnect from it.
Working at the computer and surfing the Internet affect many functions of the human body. Namely, it has a bad influence on the higher nervous activity, endocrine, immune and reproductive systems, additionally the musculoskeletal system of a human being. Additionally, mental health of people is at risk. WEB is something that “pulls” and people cannot stand without the Internet. Gradually, WEB penetrates all levels of life, and many begin to act and think differently. People make an effort to solve their personal or professional problems in other way. Here are the psychological symptoms resulted from using the Internet for a long time:
Dangerous signals are the following:
with time, a condition-dependence increases and turns into mania. Feeling euphoric at the computer, people cultivate imbalance, negligence, isolation, loss of any mainstream values, loss of internal benchmarks and awful attitude towards their loved ones in themselves. Moreover, people become so addicted to chatting that they check their mail too often and tend to be low-spirited when it is empty. According to Libby Copeland, researchers have studied loneliness and found it might be bad for you, something about stress and blood pressure. If that’s true, then modernity is bad for you, because there’s something quintessentially modern about the way we experience loneliness: living alone, orbiting each other in bars, nursing cold coffee in cafes, checking our voice mail and finding it empty (Copeland n.pag.).
It is no secret that reading helps a person to broaden his/her outlook. Nonetheless, this is only a small part of literature’s impact on people. Unfortunately, not totally all teenagers read books in their spare time, believing that books can be easily replaced by the online world. In addition to the aesthetic pleasure, that is one of the key factors of reading books, there are many other positive factors that encourage people to read. One can find answers to various questions, solutions to any problems associated not only with romantic relationships, as it may seem at first glance, but also to global problems such as choosing the right way of living. Nowadays, the majority of the young people prefer the Internet to reading books. Using the Internet as a source of literature has many disadvantages, namely inconvenience of reading and considerable damage to vision. Books also contain more useful information for students. According to Judith Levine, “Many of my students — undergraduate media and communications majors at a New York university — have access to the endless information bubbling through cyberspace, and it is not empowering” (Levine n.pag.).
The negative effect of the online world on people is quite obvious but there is no easy way out of this problem. The idea of simple getting rid of it really is too utopian and will not ever work out. Today, the online world became a fundamental part of everybody’s life and most people cannot do without it because too much depends on this network. It really is up to everybody to realize that the issue is not about the Internet, but about people’s attitude to it. If people do not take this problem under control, humanity will run into psychological collapse.
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It goes without saying that you will find a whole and precise definition of the chosen term in a dictionary. Nonetheless, you need to define the definition of in your own words which means you should be proficient in the picked item.
Describing the concept in your own words does not mean that you are not allowed to consult a dictionary. Read the definition of your word in the dictionary to see whether you fully understand its meaning.
Find the word you have picked for analysis in the dictionary.
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According to the dictionary definition, the phrase housewife means the following “a married woman whose main occupation is caring for her family, managing household affairs, and doing housework” (Oxford Dictionary). Usually, this term is treated as one that is submissive and obedient. When a woman defines herself as a housewife, she actually is looked down upon as a second class citizen in many societies. This degrading is not necessarily on purpose and may be done without even knowing. In the most societies, when a woman marries a man, she actually is supposed and expected to change her life time for that man. It really is for a reason that ancient proverb handed down through centuries “A man is the head of the house, whereas the woman is the neck” (Allen 219-233). For this reason, it is the woman who should follow the head of the household in all matters. Also, she actually is expected to tend to the needs of husband, young ones and all members of the family (Allen 219-233).
These family needs are what have given the word housewife its definition. The family needs include cooking food of the highest quality and taste, educating young ones about school and life in society; moreover, taking care of friends and family members that might go to. Other duties include washing dishes, cleaning the home, making and washing clothes and being the ideal wife. Even though, some women might have side part time jobs, such as working night shifts, nonetheless most housewives are expected to stay home. These wives might take up some side jobs that can be done alongside other household chores such as sewing other people’s clothes alongside their very own. The definition of housewife has tended to stay in the same category throughout different cultures (Allen 219-233).
In order to understand the current term of housewife that individuals have, we have to look back into history and find the root of its definition. Because of physical differences and aggressive nature, men have been accepted once the breadwinners because of their families ever since mankind started. Even when we look back into history, this has been recorded and evident. For example, the native American men were the ones responsible for hunting and getting food for the family. On the other hand, women were assigned less aggressive and dangerous tasks such as picking berries, cooking and tending to the children. The sole drive for this division was that some one had to be responsible for getting food since without food, people cannot survive and grow. Since there was clearly no other apparent solution to decide who would do what, the decision was made due to gender (Parker).
Also, the gender was the main difference because biologically, men and different experience and undergo varying changes. With time, the male becomes visibly stronger and bigger along with developing natural leadership skills on a societal level. As for the women, they are more complex. The most apparent complexity is the fact that a child is born in the shape of their help. During pregnancy and after the delivery, a woman is weakened and is greatly needed by the child. In fact, from the time a child is born to the time he learns to walk and talk, he or she greatly needs the mother to be around for nurture and nourishment such as breast milk and keeping the child physically clean. Also, throughout history, the earlier civilizations observed and came to the conclusion that it was much easier for the woman to accomplish the minor chores such as berry picking and cooking while still staying at home looking after the children (Allen).
The phrase wife in the word housewife was a natural results of the position and duties provided to the woman. The earlier one dwells in history, the more one sees that the concept of a man and a woman living together or sharing family together was strictly conservative. It is needful to say, it was the concept of marriage, whose definition was sacred and mainstream including a union between man and wife that is accepted by society. In fact, the main reason people got married was not for leisure or pleasure but for the continuity of civilizations through young ones. A man specifically got married in order to carry his name to the next generation and have someone take care of his physical and environmental needs. As for the woman, she married in order to have security and job that failed to pay. This history is what led to the degrading lens this 1 looks at housewives as they were and still are seen as subservient and basically maids without pay (Parker).
Today, the modern circumstances require that the definition of housewife is to be explained plainly because there are so many new concepts about it. Through traveling and media, people can now understand others cultures in the different corners of the world thus compare and contrast their lifestyles and ideologies with them. Let us give attention to how the word housewife and its meaning differ in different areas of the same world. Firstly, in countries such as USA and Great Britain, women have taken up very different roles than those before them in history. In these countries, women are on equal standing with men and tend to be working as their bosses, co-workers and even political leaders. Industrialization has required that women work just as hard as men, and this was accepted publically. Nonetheless, the negative reference of the word housewife still exists because even though women have moved up the social ladder, their home duties are still there since a rare quantity of men are willing to switch roles. Therefore, even though a woman can be a doctor, she actually is expected to come home and cook and clean after her shift (Parker).
Moreover, working women who do not choose to stay at home look down on those who do. These housewives are seen as conservative and traditional. In fact, the scale is tipping to the other direction in the current times and people are demanding that more and more women start taking up a vocation life. Nonetheless, another contradiction in society is that women are highly encouraged to pursue their careers and educational goals only until they are married. They are scolded and looked down upon if they do not get an education. In addition, they are scolded when they usually do not get married and still they are appeared down on when they do not wish to have young ones. On the other hand, housewives also look down on women who do choose careers over family life. Also, it seems as if the definition of housewife is the center of all debates in modern society (Parker).
To further heat up the debate, some groups argue that the definition of housewife is the wrong label altogether since it is a prejudice contrary to the male sex. Even though, the number is dramatically lower, some men are willing to switch roles with the women entirely and stay at home fathers. They also face greater stigma because they are blatantly and aggressively challenging society’s old rules. It really is for a reason that the family set up as was noticed previously has shifted and changed completely in some parts of the world. In America today, more than one third of families are headed by single parents who include women and men. Which means women and men are both carrying out the role of the breadwinner by morning and tend to be the housewives or homemakers by night (Andersen).
Interestingly, in other parts of the world, such as India, housewives are still the majority norm and men are still hailed as the only breadwinners. Even though, in urban areas of India women are entering the workforce and challenging society’s limits, the rural areas are still led by strict gender laws. In fact, there is a large gender role gap that men are rarely seen taking care of young ones or helping out in the house. The woman isn’t only expected to earn money on the side but is still the neck of the household. An Arab proverb states that even though she actually is the neck, she has the power to turn the pinnacle in every direction she wants. For this reason, concept that people are attempting to teach to these rural areas and encouraging them to change their ways according to the needs of the changing and modernizing times (Parker).
Defining the definition of housewife may be controversial and impossible since today people are staying away from the old-fashioned meaning found in the dictionary. People are customizing their lives to their own needs and desires; moreover, develop their own standards. Go through the case of the modern American woman. She actually is a college graduate, chooses a vocation and then chooses to be a stay at home mother also. In fact, the modern Western woman customizes her life to include everything that she loves and does not feel that she has to choose anymore. Dr. Linda Papadopoulos states “This shift in attitude may be a testament to the fact that women feel liberated enough, sexually and socially, to not have to walk down the aisle, or it could be that today’s cynical attitude to almost everything has minimized the marriage to an outdated, over romanticized practice” (Gill). Today, women are choosing the menu themselves and now have support from their male counterparts. They are giving the phrase housewives a new definition that is abstract and open to question.
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The other side of the coin with trust involves realizing that people is truthful with you and not conceal anything. This frequently results in problems in relationships where one party is not entirely truthful with the other. Suspicion could cause one party to snoop on the other, often reading private email messages and texts and even pursuing them when they go out. Cheating is also, of course, a breach of trust and is another of those interesting definition essay topics worth writing about.
How cheating affects a relationship is something you could perhaps cover in your definition essay. Cheating is possibly one of the most harmful things that people can do to one another, especially where partners or spouses are concerned. This is because trust in relationships like these is based on the premise that all partner will remain true to the other. Yet, it will always be the case that cheating means lying, which can be as bad if not worse than the actual cheating. For instance, lot of people are able to forgive if their partner immediately admits to cheating and is genuinely sorry for it. Nonetheless, if the injured party discovers the transgression via another channel, forgiveness is not so easy.
Another aspect of trust is that it extends to people we are not particularly well acquainted with or are not acquainted with at all. Every person, for instance, has to have confidence in their teachers. We must trust that individuals are being taught the things we need to know and that individuals are being given fair grades. We must trust health practitioners who are often complete strangers to give us the most appropriate medical care or to perform any surgery we would need. We must trust public services like fire and medical services if or once we are involved in emergency situations. In addition, we must trust professional writing services once we want to buy good definition essays or definition essay examples to have us through school or college. Therefore, whichever way you look at it, trust is an essential thing and we must all extend ours to a lot of people over the course of our lives.
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In most debates regarding alcoholism, the crucial question usually is “at what extent does the excessive consumption of alcohol become alcoholism?” Some people argue that it is at the point whereby the consumption of alcohol starts to have side effects on the health of an individual while others assert that it is at the point whereby it starts to impact negatively on personal relationships and social standing. Still, others argue that the problem does not become alcoholism until it reaches the point where the person in question continues to consume alcoholic beverages despite the onset of social and health problems (Goodwin 43 – 51).
One common factor among most meanings of the terms “alcoholism” is the conception that the condition becomes alcoholism when it becomes compulsive and uncontrolled. Nonetheless, I dispute this conception because it is entirely misguided. Alcoholism sets in whenever victim develops alcohol dependence. This means that they experience detrimental physical withdrawal symptoms when they attempt to stop consuming alcohol excessively. At this point, excessive alcohol consumption is correctly known as “alcohol dependence syndrome” in medical circles. Victims of alcoholism, known as alcoholics, they are not able to lead normal lives without the constant consumption of alcohol and experience withdrawal symptoms including hallucinations, delirium tremens, life-threatening seizures, shakes, anxiety and in rare cases, heart failure when they attempt to withdraw from the habit (Moskalewicz 14-15).
One crucial factor to take into consideration is that the alcohol dependence syndrome or alcoholism may begin before the onset of negative health effects as a result of excessive consumption of alcohol. These negative health effects include pancreatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, heart problems, nutritional deficiencies, polyneuropathy, epilepsy, sexual dysfunction, peptic ulcers, sexual dysfunction, and alcoholic dementia. Therefore, deterioration of health is not a factor to consider when determining whether a person is an alcoholic. Nonetheless, health deterioration may begin before a person becomes dependent on alcohol, or may even coincide with the onset of alcoholism. On the other hand, impairment of personal relationships and social life begins early when an individual indulges in excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages. In most cases, it begins before the onset of alcoholism or coincides with it. Nonetheless, in a few cases, it could begin after the onset of alcoholism (Chen & Anthony 319-22).
Another reasons why the true definition of alcoholism is hinged on alcohol dependence and not on negative health and social effects is that women and men have different thresholds for alcohol consumption. Women get intoxicated on a much smaller amount of alcohol than men do; therefore, they tend to drink smaller quantities of alcohol than men do. Therefore, men tend to develop health problems due to alcohol abuse at a slower rate than women do although alcohol dependence takes a longer time to develop. In addition, women develop social issues faster than men and develop alcohol resistance faster as well, increasing the risk of becoming alcoholic. As a result, the definition of alcoholism should be based on the onset of alcohol dependence since women and men have differing levels at which they begin to experience negative health and social effects. This simplifies the process of detecting and diagnosing alcoholism (Schomerus et al 105-112).
Finally, the definition of alcoholism should be considering alcohol dependence as opposed to excessive consumption and negative health and social life effects because the risk of developing alcohol dependence varies according to race. These variations occur due to genetic differences between different races. For example, genetic factors impart people of African descent and Native Us citizens with a greater power to metabolize alcohol than people of other races. This places them at a lowered risk of developing alcoholism than people of other races. In addition, cultural environmental effects have an influence on the risk of alcoholism. For example, Native Us citizens have higher rates of alcoholism than Caucasians due to high levels of upheaval (Marshall 68).
Evidently, the true definition of alcohol is based on the presence of alcohol dependence and not on the amount of alcohol consumed or the clear presence of negative health effects, deterioration of personal relationships or impairment of social life. The signs or symptoms of alcoholism are, therefore, the negative and undesirable physical symptoms that excessive drinkers experience due to alcohol withdrawal. In short, a person becomes an alcoholic when they are physically unable to cope without it. The severity of alcoholism varies between women and men, and between races.
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nonetheless, some people see pleasure in the other key. They aim at career, image, money, forgetting about the spiritual values. Although, they have nothing to be blamed for as people always want more than they have, but the real art is to appreciate what one has for the current moment. Happiness cannot come out of the material satisfaction associated with the desires (The Dalai Lama and Cutler 1000). It’s not correct to discuss the moral term of pleasure in the context of the laws as in Lewis’ article We Have No Right to Happiness. Despite the statement of the right to pursue pleasure in the U.S. Declaration of Independence, the thorough examination of the term “personal right for happiness” as an implementation of some law seems ridiculous. I could never consider the high, abstract concept of pleasure in this key, though Lewis’ article brings interesting and innovative opinion (Lewis 1003).
Returning back to the Russell’s definition of pleasure, I have a few examples on happy and unhappy people around me, which can serve better understanding of the concept. The example of happy people connected to themselves and to the society is in people I see every single day. My parents represent the simple concept of pleasure as both internal and external harmony. The contentment and appreciation of the life they live is the key point in their pleasure. Besides bringing up young ones and keeping house in order, my mother has many activities helping her avoid the daily routine which influences the majority of the housewives.